Categorized as autoimmune disease, Multiple Sclerosis is a disease which attacks only some people in community. Multiple Sclerosis develops in particular someone in the society. The cause of the disease is not clear at today speaking. Both professionals and scientists are still not sure what is the exact reason that makes Multiple Sclerosis develops in certain community. The known fact of Multiple Sclerosis is that the disease develops just like other autoimmune diseases do. Multiple Sclerosis attacks people with the mechanism of immune system attacks the coat of the nerve fiber. With the nerve being exposed, the performance of the nerve is going slower and even the message that being carried by the nerve can be blocked. Multiple Sclerosis can perform some signs and symptoms such as one side on limbs, legs, or trunk numbness or weakness, double vision in long term, partial or complete vision loss, tingling, fatigue, dizziness, bowel and bladder problems, electric shock feeling when change position of the neck, tremor, and slurred speech.
The specific cause of Multiple Sclerosis indeed remains unknown. Nevertheless, there are already several studies that discovered many risk factors that may increase the chance of getting Multiple Sclerosis. Those are family history, sex, age, race, smoking, specific infections, climate, and specific autoimmune diseases.
Age becomes one of the risk factors that known have big contribution to Multiple Sclerosis occurrence. Although Multiple Sclerosis can develop at any age, but according to the studies, people who are in the age between 15 and 60 year old are the higher risk of getting Multiple Sclerosis. Genetic factor turns out playing crucial role here. If in the family history, let us say one of the parents or siblings has Multiple Sclerosis, so it is more likely to the child or sibling to get the disease. Smoking can also increase the chance of developing Multiple Sclerosis.